At a more detailed level, the standardised death rate for asthma was higher among women. Diseases include, but are not limited to, the pneumoconioses, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, respiratory tuberculosis, and certain cancers. Portugal (2015 data), Cyprus and the Netherlands had by far the lowest in-patient discharge rates for diseases of the respiratory system, less than 800 per 100 000 inhabitants, while Croatia and Sweden were the only other EU Member States to record ratios that were below 1 000 discharges per 100 000 inhabitants. By contrast, a much higher proportion of women (than men) reported they had asthma in Finland, Sweden, Slovakia, Malta and the Netherlands (shares for women were at least 2.0 percentage points higher than those for men). The country bears 18% of the world population but 32% of … of Health and Human Services Office on Women's Health. From a public health perspective, these measures aim to protect citizens from the hazardous effects of smoking and other forms of tobacco consumption. According to Special Eurobarometer 458, slightly less than one third of all men (30 %) and slightly more than one fifth (22 %) of all women in the EU (including the United Kingdom) smoked in March 2017. The lung diseases can be mild or severe. CDC twenty four seven. The average stay in hospital for in-patients being treated for asthma varied considerably across the EU Member States, from highs of 14.2 days in Czechia and 13.7 days in Germany (2017 data) to less than 3.0 days in Ireland, Sweden and Denmark (2016 data). EU Member States have taken various tobacco control measures in the form of legislation, recommendations and information campaigns in an attempt to reduce the number of smokers. Causes of death are classified according to the European shortlist (86 causes), which is based on the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD). Adults: National Health Interview Survey, 2018, tables A-2b, A-2c, National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 2016 National Summary Tables, table 15, National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 2017 Emergency Department Summary Tables, table 12, National Vital Statistics System – Mortality Data (2018) via CDC WONDER, Trends in Chronic lower respiratory diseases from Health, United States, COPD-related Mortality by Sex and Race Among Adults Aged 25 and Over: United States, 2000-2014, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: COPD, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: COPD, CDC/National Center for Health Statistics, Ambulatory Care Use and Physician office visits, Health of American Indian or Alaska Native Population, Health of Asian or Pacific Islander Population, Health of Black or African American non-Hispanic Population, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Number of adults with diagnosed chronic bronchitis in the past year: 9.0 million, Percent of adults with diagnosed chronic bronchitis in the past year: 3.6%, Number of adults who have ever been diagnosed with emphysema: 3.8 million, Percent of adults who have ever been diagnosed with emphysema: 1.5%, Number of physician office visits with emphysema and other chronic obstructive pulmonary disease as the primary diagnosis: 5.7 million, Number of emergency department visits with emphysema and other chronic obstructive pulmonary disease as the primary diagnosis: 923,000. Adults: National Health Interview Survey, 2018, tables A-2b, A-2c pdf icon[PDF – 166 KB], Source: National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 2016 National Summary Tables, table 15 pdf icon[PDF – 793 KB], Source: National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 2017 Emergency Department Summary Tables, table 12 pdf icon[PDF – 863 KB], Chronic lower respiratory diseases (including asthma) deaths, Source: National Vital Statistics System – Mortality Data (2018) via CDC WONDER, Bronchitis (chronic and unspecified) deaths, Other chronic lower respiratory diseases (excluding asthma) deaths. Respiratory diseases pose a large health burden across health systems and consistently rank among the most fatal diseases across developed countries.1 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lower respiratory tract infections, lung cancer (including tracheal tumours), and tuberculosis have resulted in 2.9 million, 2.4 million, 1.7 million, and 1.2 million deaths, respectively in 2016.1 Poor … In the past, doctors were more likely to tell their patients that they had chronic bronchitis or emphysema than to use the more general term COPD, which encompasses a fuller range of chronic obstructive lung diseases.Both emphysema and chronic bronchitis are the two most common types of COPD. Diseases of the respiratory system may affect any of the structures and organs that have to do with breathing, including the nasal cavities, the pharynx (or throat), the larynx, the trachea (or windpipe), the bronchi and bronchioles, the tissues of the lungs, and the respiratory muscles of the chest cage.. Across the EU in 2018 (2017 data for Germany and Malta; 2016 data for Denmark and Luxembourg; 2015 data for Portugal; no recent data for Greece), in-patients with diseases of the respiratory system (codes J00-J99) spent a total of 43.6 million days in hospital. Among the EU Member States there are a range of different policies with respect to making vaccines available to the general public— often they are specifically targeted at groups of older people. Webannex Admissions. 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 Total Deaths in 2017. The majority of people who die from influenza are aged 65 years or over and face complications based on chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases or chronic lung diseases. Patients with chronic lower respiratory diseases have difficulties in breathing, as the walls of the airways to their lungs are damaged, scarred and narrowed (airflow obstruction). Asthma is a chronic inflammation of the airways characterised by reversible airflow obstruction and bronchospasm that causes coughing, wheezing, chest tightness or a shortness of breath. The National Center for Health Statistics notes that the prevalence of physician ambulatory-care visits for respiratory diseases is highest in persons aged >85 years and is 57% and 85% lower in those aged 75 to 84 years and 65 to 74 years, respectively. How many deaths from tuberculosis recorded in the EU? A year without precedent: WHO’s COVID-19 response. Most of these are linked to lifestyle or environmental factors, such as smoking or pollution. The remainder of Table 3 provides a more detailed analysis of the average length of hospital stays for in-patients diagnosed with five different types of respiratory diseases. If you are interested to know more about the lung diseases, you need to study pulmonology. Lithuanians reported the highest prevalence of chronic lower respiratory diseases other than asthma …. Aside from these two Member States, the average length of a hospital stay due to a disease of the respiratory system was similar to the average for all diseases, either shorter or longer by at most 1.5 days. Lung Disease: Facts You Need to Know. 44% of elderly people vaccinated against influenza, Vaccination against influenza of population aged 65 and over, European Commission — Directorate-General for Health and Food Safety — Public health, European Commission — Directorate-General for Health and Food Safety — European core health indicators (ECHI), European Commission — Directorate-General for Health and Food Safety — Influenza, European Commission — Directorate-General for Health and Food Safety — Non-communicable diseases, European Respiratory Society — European lung white book, WHO Global Health Observatory (GHO) — Mortality and global health estimates, World Health Organisation (WHO) — Chronic respiratory diseases, World Health Organisation (WHO) — Health system governance, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php?title=Respiratory_diseases_statistics&oldid=497079. This source is documented in more detail in this background article which provides information on the scope of the data, its legal basis, the methodology employed, as well as related concepts and definitions. A more detailed analysis of causes of death for diseases of the respiratory system is presented in Table 2. Indeed, smoking tobacco is the main cause of lung disease in Europe (note that the data presented in this article do not cover cancer), while it is also considered to be a major contributory factor to the incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and the development of asthma in children and adults; furthermore, respiratory diseases also occur among those who are subject to passive smoking. Standardised death rates for respiratory diseases were consistently higher for men than for women . Summary of Methods - Respiratory Diseases. Among the EFTA countries, Liechtenstein and Iceland also reported very low discharge rates for in-patients with respiratory diseases, while among the enlargement countries the rate was relatively high in Turkey (2016 data). Influenza and Pneumonia: 59,120. By contrast, the highest share among men was recorded in Luxembourg (5.7 %) where, as in a further eight EU Member States, a greater share of men (compared with women) reported that they had a chronic lower respiratory disease (other than asthma). At 7.7 %, the share in Turkey was considerably higher than in any of the EU Member States. Within the EU-27, some 5.4 % of the adult population reported that they suffered from asthma. These figures are of interest, insofar as pneumonia was one of the leading causes of death among respiratory diseases, in contrast to asthma, which has a death rate that was relatively close to zero. Respiratory disease burden in India is second only to that of ischaemic heart disease, found a state-level analysis of the Global Burden of Disease data. The biggest fall was recorded in the Netherlands (note that there is a break in series), down 6.1 percentage points. We analyze raw data from government surveys available through the National Center for Health Statistics and other agencies to develop reports on lung disease mortality, prevalence, hospitalization, economic costs and risk factors. Diseases of the respiratory system accounted for 7.5 % of all deaths in the EU-27 in 2016. Self-reported statistics covering the health status of the population for a range of chronic diseases is provided by the European health interview survey (EHIS). The data presented in this article refer to the share of the population aged 15 years or over reporting to have been diagnosed by a medical doctor with chronic bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, emphysema, or asthma (allergic asthma included) which occurred during the 12 months prior to the survey. EU-27 standardised death rates for men were, with the exception of asthma and status asthmaticus, usually higher than those for women for each of the causes of death presented in Table 2. Chapter 2 . Printable Version Cdc-pdf[PDF 202KB] Although age-adjusted death rates for COPD declined among US men from 1999 (57.0 per 100,000) to 2014 (44.3 per 100,000), death rates have not changed significantly among US women (35.3 per 100,000 in 1999 and 35.6 per 100,000 in 2014). Pneumonia is the world’s leading killer of young children [6]. Diseases of the respiratory system are one of the main causes of death in the EU and include conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pneumonia or asthma. By far the highest number of in-patient days was spent in German hospitals (24.2 % of the EU total; 2017 data), while Italy (13.2 %), France (11.4 %) and Spain (10.5 %) were the only other EU Member States to record double-digit shares. Each year, chronic respiratory diseases disrupt the daily life and productivity of many individuals and contribute to thousands of deaths. Related Chapters. Chronic Disease Data Facts: 2019 Brief Report. Standardised death rates for men were higher than those for women in 2017 in each of the EU Member States; this may, at … Diabetes: 84,946. Towards the lower end of this range with standardised death rates for men for respiratory diseases that were 1.4 times as high as those for women were Denmark and Ireland, while the smallest gender differences (with the rates for men 1.3 times as high as the rates for women) were observed in Sweden and Greece. According to the International Study of Asthma and Allergy in Childhood (ISAAC), the prevalence of allergic rhinitis ranges from very low to 50% of adolescents (81), with an average of over 30% (13). Age-adjusted death rates varied between states (see figure below) in 2014 and ranged from 15.3 per 100,000 in Hawaii to 62.8 per 100,000 in Kentucky. Indoor air pollution is also generated by a variety of sources, including: human activity (smoking, fuel used for heating or cooking, the use of cleaning materials); buildings (poor ventilation); pets, plants, dust or damp. In fact, smoking is directly responsible for almost 90% of lung cancer and COPD deaths. Alzheimer’s disease: 122,019. This shows that the main causes of death among respiratory diseases were lower respiratory diseases (chronic or other) and pneumonia, while standardised death rates for asthma and for influenza were considerably lower. In every one lakh people, an estimated amount of 142 people die from lung disease. Note: the rate shown is the proportion of people aged 65 and over having been immunised against influenza during the 12 months prior to the survey. You can look at the big picture of lung disease in the UK, or detailed statistics for each condition including asthma, COPD, lung cancer and mesothelioma. (File) India has 18% of the world’s population but 32% of the global burden of respiratory diseases. On average, in-patients with pneumonia (codes J12-J18) and with asthma and status asthmaticus (codes J45-J46) spent the highest number of days in hospital. Dept. You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. Diseases of the respiratory system accounted for 7.5 % of all deaths in the EU-27 in 2016. Webannex Mortality. About 65 million people suffer from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and 3 million die from it each year, making it the third leading cause of death worldwide. The respiratory system is a series of organs that are responsible for breathing; the lungs are the primary organ of this system, which also includes the nasal passage, oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi and bronchioles. 7. Standardised death rates for men were higher than those for women in 2017 in each of the EU Member States; this may, at least in part, be attributed to different smoking habits between the sexes or to occupational risks (for example, more men work(ed) in extractive industries such as coal mining). Relative to population size, Bulgaria, Romania and Lithuania recorded the highest number of discharges among those treated for diseases of the respiratory system in 2018 (see Figure 4): 2 200 per 100 000 inhabitants in Lithuania, 2 300 per 100 000 inhabitants in Romania and 3 200 per 100 000 inhabitants in Bulgaria. Country and technical guidance. Some of the most common are asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), lung cancer, cystic fibrosis, sleep apnea and occupational lung diseases. An analysis by sex reveals that women were usually more likely to report that they had chronic lower respiratory diseases than men. In 2017, the highest standardised death rates for chronic lower respiratory diseases among the EU Member States were recorded in Denmark, Hungary, Ireland and Croatia, while the highest rates for pneumonia were registered in Slovakia, Poland and Portugal. Accidents (unintentional injuries): 167,127. In 2014, some 4.3 % of the EU-27 population stated that they had some form of chronic lower respiratory disease (other than asthma) diagnosed by a medical doctor (see Figure 1). The mortality rate from respiratory disease in … Across the EU-27, 4.5 % of women reported such an illness, compared with 4.1 % of men. 11 January 2021. WHO Director-General's opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19 – 11 January 2021. During an influenza epidemic, there may be significant costs for health services (associated with caring for those who fall sick) and for businesses in general (lost production as a result of time taken off work). *(203) 5 Suicide (197) 6 Stroke (187) 7 Diabetes (125) * Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease. Nine million children under 5 years of age die annually and lung diseases are the most common causes of these deaths. A standardised (rather than crude) death rate can be compiled which is independent of the age and sex structure of a population: this is done as most causes of death vary significantly by age and according to sex and the standardisation facilitates comparisons of rates over time and between countries. Source: Summary Health Statistics Tables for U.S. Chronic respiratory diseases are chronic diseases of the airways and other parts of the lung. The burden of lung disease Supplementary Material. A higher proportion of men than women who died in the EU-27 in 2016 did so from diseases of the respiratory system (8.1 % compared with 6.9 %). By contrast, less than 2.0 % of the population in Malta and Sweden declared that they suffered from chronic lower respiratory diseases (other than asthma). On average in 2018, in-patients with diseases of the respiratory system spent between 5.2 days (Sweden) and 10.3 days (Czechia) in hospital. Facts about Lung Disease 1: pulmonology. Discharges of in-patients treated for respiratory diseases accounted for 13.0 % of the total number of hospital in-patient discharges in Spain, while these diseases accounted for a share of at least 10.0 % of all in-patient discharges in Ireland, Romania, Latvia and Lithuania. It is a type of interstitial lung disease, the umbrella term for more than 200 disorders that cause progressive and usually irreversible scarring, or fibrosis, of the lungs. More than three fifths of the elderly population of Ireland, the Netherlands and Portugal were vaccinated against influenza, the highest proportions among the EU Member States. This article is one of a set of statistical articles concerning health status in the EU which forms part of an online publication on health statistics. Chapter X of the ICD covers diseases of the respiratory system: There is a wide range of factors that play a role in affecting the health of a person’s respiratory system. Indeed Table 1 also shows that standardised death rates for diseases of the respiratory system were particularly high at advanced ages, explaining concerns over, for example the winter influenza epidemics. A closer analysis reveals that a higher proportion of women (than men) declared they had asthma in all but two of the EU Member States: the share (4.4 %) of men in Belgium who declared they had asthma was 0.2 percentage points higher than the share for Belgian women, while in Denmark the shares for both sexes were equal (6.5 %). Lung cancer is considered as a severe type of respiratory diseases. Among the diseases with much lower mortality rates, Cyprus and Croatia recorded the highest standardised death rates for asthma and status asthmaticus, while Finland, Sweden and Estonia had the highest standardised death rates for influenza. Cancer: 599,274. The number of deaths from a particular cause of death can be expressed relative to the size of the population. Try our corporate solution for free! Death rates for men were at least three times as high as those for women in all three Baltic Member States, while elsewhere they were between 1.3 and 2.4 times as high. Global and National Extent According to WHO, in India, deaths due to respiratory diseases account for 11% of total deaths in the country. Portugal, Germany and Liechtenstein: 2017. Patients with chronic lower respiratory diseases have difficulties in breathing, as the walls of the Among the 25 EU Member States for which recent data are available (no recent data for Greece or Portugal), the average length of a hospital stay for in-patients treated for a disease of the respiratory system fell between 2013 and 2018 in a small majority (13 out of 25), while in Latvia and Poland there was no change. Know more about the lung are leading causes of death for diseases of global. Angie Abad went to the ER to be treated for a respiratory infection office. 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